A prior post mentions economic gardening. Economic gardening is a grow from within approach to economic development, putting most of the focus on entrepreneurship instead of luring the big businesses to an area. It is not a new strategy/approach, although it seems to be increasing in popularity in recent years. The approach, as it is defined and articulated, was developed and first used in Littleton, CO in the late 1980s. Since then it seems that more states in the West are using the approach, although the state of Georgia has implemented an economic gardening initiative. One important aspect to economic gardening is the 3 themes – infrastructure, connectivity, and market information. I have been unable to find an example of a rural area officially using the approach and addressing all 3 themes.
Here is a link to a chapter on economic gardening from an SBA publication from 2006.